In his/her lifetime, a teacher comes across all types of students -some are naturally gifted in academics, some in extracurriculars while some outperform in sports.
Students also differ in their learning curves. Some students take no time in absorbing everything that has been taught to them, while some struggle to imbibe even the most basic information.
And then there are students with Autism who struggle more than others.
Autistic children need more attention, love, and care to bloom. As they lack behavioral, social, emotional, and cognitive skills, they behave differently than other children of their age in any situation. Handling these children is not a cakewalk, but with these easy tips, we aim to guide you in befriending them and making them feel comfortable in your classroom.
Read on to know how to teach a child with autism.
- Do not disrupt their routine
Autistic children are always comfortable with a set routine. Any change in the routine can act as a trigger. So, try to stick to a routine. It includes starting the class the same way every day, maintaining the same seating arrangements, etc.
If you are planning to introduce any change in your classroom, you must warn the child, and take it as slow as possible to let them adapt to the change at his/her own pace.
- Understand the right way of providing instructions
Children with autism find it difficult to process the information provided to them. It is a big challenge for them to comprehend verbal instructions and they take more time than usual to conjure up the information in their mind. So be patient and willing to repeat the instructions more than once.
Also, make sure to give instructions in the least possible words, and while repeating, say the same words to keep the child from getting confused.
You can also use other ways of giving instructions to them, like writing them down or using visual aids.
- Use technology
The motor skills of autistic children are always questionable. They require proper assistance while doing any activity requiring motor skills, like writing on paper.
If they are having a tough time writing by hand, you can use modern technologies to teach them. Use word processing technologies like computers, laptops, and iPads to teach these students.
- Do not punish them
Autistic children require tender care and understanding. They take no time in understanding firm or negative behavior and respond with a meltdown.
To avoid this situation, try to always have a positive attitude towards them. If you want to punish them, first consult their parents and understand the punishment methods they use at home for the child to reinforce discipline and productivity.
- Stay patient during meltdown or panic attack
If you have an autistic child in your class, you are likely to witness a meltdown at some point in time. And, when the time comes, stay calm and support them rather than getting irritated.
- Educate them further about their special condition
Introducing a child to autism is a tough job. But it is well known that by explaining autism to your child, you can reinforce a positive attitude and nurture self-acceptance in them. Ask the child’s parents to have this conversation with their child whenever necessary.
You must also explain autism to other students; teach them the right way to behave with these kids and how they can make the class a better place for them.
Children with autism always face a tough time conforming to the norms of the real world. When they find themselves surrounded by people, they become anxious.
Their shyness, lack of social skills, and the sheer knowledge that they are not like the jovial and smart students around them, make these children even more conscious about themselves.
The responsibility of making them comfortable in your classroom falls on your shoulder, we are sure these tips will help.
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