To ensure that you choose high-quality stone and masonry materials for your home, viewing the material in person before making any purchases is best. This includes checking the slabs for dimensional consistency, beveling, and squareness.
Additionally, you’ll want to consider the masonry’s water absorption and compressive strength. These factors are important because they’ll affect your masonry’s durability and longevity.
Types of Stone
There are many different types of stone available for construction purposes. Each rock’s characteristics determine how it will perform in different construction projects. For example, basalt and granite have superior characteristics like high compressive strength and durability and are employed in major construction works such as dams and bridge piers.
Other stones with specific properties are travertine and slate, sedimentary rocks that can be used to construct countertops and floorings. They also feature attractive color variations and veining patterns.
Gneiss, schist, and laterite are igneous rocks that can also be utilized in construction projects. These rock types are resistant to cold climates and can function as a natural insulator, which means you can save on energy costs during winter.
Masonry Seattle offers a host of benefits to your home, including increased value and aesthetic appeal. It’s no surprise more and more homeowners are opting to get masonry work done. However, there are a few things to remember when choosing the right stone and brick for your project.
The color of the stone you choose can make or break your hardscape design. Lighter stone colors like marble and limestone offer your home a clean, modern look. However, these colors are delicate and require specialized care, such as using pH-balanced cleaners.
Darker stone colors, such as hematite and quartzite, are more dramatic and can add an edge to your landscape. These stones also come in a range of textures and colors. You can use hematite as walkways or accent walls for your outdoor space; other earthy tones, such as reds and yellows, can complement it.
Stone has many texture options and adds warmth, character, and life to your home. It can be used as flooring, stairs, paving stones, and wall cladding, among other projects.
Unlike brick, stone is available in a variety of shapes and sizes. This gives homeowners a wider range of design options and allows them to achieve a more unique look for their homes.
Another aspect to consider when choosing the right masonry material for your home is its ability to withstand weather conditions. For example, suppose you live in an area with extreme temperatures and heavy rainfalls throughout the year. In that case, choosing a durable masonry material that these conditions will not damage is important.
If you want your stone masonry to last, choosing a material with good compressive strength is important. This will ensure the stone and mortar stay in place even after years of use.
Natural stone can be used to decorate a home’s exterior and is available in either fieldstone or block form. It’s also possible to buy manufactured stone veneers, which look similar to natural stone.
The type of masonry you choose depends on the type of project you’re working on. For example, brickworks well for projects in cold climates because it holds up to the harsh winter elements. Stones that are more prone to weathering should be sealed and protected regularly. This will help keep the stone looking new for as long as possible.
Many stone products require a mortar joint between each piece. This gives them a more formal appearance. Other stone products can be installed in a dry-stack style, which provides a more rustic and natural look.
Before installing, a scratch coat is needed. This can be prepared by mixing one part of type N or type S masonry cement with 2.5 parts of clean sand. Premixed scratch-coat mortar is also available.
Use a masonry brush to butter the back of each stone, but do not saturate it. This keeps the stone from absorbing too much mortar and allows it to dry with a stronger bond. A masonry hammer can chisel or finely shape any stone edges that need trimming. A level should be used to verify that the veneered wall is plumb.